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MYOPIA

WHAT IS THE MYOPIA?

The myopia is a refractive error characterized by a longer anterior-posterior axis of the eye. Thus the image of an object (located towards infinity) is formed in front of the retina and the patient has a blurred vision. The myopia can occur in childhood (simple myopia), during adolescence or adulthood. There is a type of myopia that occurs at birth (“malignant” myopia) and which can reach very high values. If the crystalline nucleus is opacified, the “myopigenic cataract” occurs.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MYOPIA?

The patient does not see well at distance, but sees well up-close (for reading, writing).

HOW TO TREAT THE MYOPIA?

The correction of myopia in childhood and adolescence consists of divergent / concave (-) air or contact lenses. For adults (over 20 years), the myopia can be corrected with air or contact lenses. If the dioptres are stable for 1 year, (iLASIK) surgery can be chosen, depending on the myopia level and corneal thickness. For adults (over 20 years) with high myopia (>-9/-10Dsf) special lenses (phakic implant) may be implanted in the anterior chamber. In elderly patients, when myopigenic cataract occurs, popularly known as the “recovery of vision”, the patient should be operated for cataract by lens phacoemulsification and implantation of an artificial lens.

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